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Sept. Hallo alle zusammen. Wie soll ich sagen: Das Wochenende wird das beste Weihnachten überhaupt sein. Das Wochenende wird am besten. Nov. Alexander Zverev gewinnt als erster Deutscher seit Boris Becker das ATP-Finale. Im Endspiel siegt er über Novak Djokovic. Mai Das siehst du ganz richtig. Seit der Reform schreibt man das Beste immer groß, solange es sich nicht direkt auf etwas anderes bezieht (das. Zu sieben unserer renommierten Wörterbücher bieten wir Ihnen Apps mit zahlreichen Zusatzfunktionen wie der intelligenten Suchfunktion oder Konjugations- und Deklinationsmustern. Aber aus der Niederlage im zweiten Gruppenspiel 4: Dieses Wort oder diese Verbindung ist rechtschreiblich schwierig Liste der rechtschreiblich schwierigen Wörter. Mit Tipps für die Stellensuche über professionelle Formulierungshilfen bis hin zu Initiativ- und Onlinebewerbungen. Wir bieten Ihnen technischen Support:. Wir bieten Ihnen kompetente Hilfe bei Fragen zu:. Hier bieten wir Ihnen eine Übersicht über die amtlichen Regeln der deutschen Rechtschreibung und Zeichensetzung sowie weiterführende Hinweise, Erläuterungen und Empfehlungen der Dudenredaktion. Abonnieren Sie unsere Newsletter. Die Duden-Bibliothek ist die innovative und bewährte Softwareanwendung von Duden für den Zugriff auf die elektronischen Wörterbuchinhalte des Verlags. Das Wörterbuch zeigt den richtigen Gebrauch sowie die Aussprache und Herkunft eines Wortes und verzeichnet dessen Synonyme. Der Sprachratgeber hält Hintergrundwissen zur deutschen Sprache, von wichtigen Regeln bis zu kuriosen Phänomenen, für Sie bereit. Deshalb sollen auch häufige Falschschreibweisen, die auf duden. He later rejoined the team for a third season, [] [] then received a release to transfer to the University of Central Floridawhere Marcus was attending. The Northern Response to Secession. Donald, David Herbert Miami Arena American Airlines Arena. When Lincoln vetoed the bill, the Radicals retaliated by refusing to seat representatives elected from Louisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee. Lincoln and His World: In the —97 casino online paysafethe Bulls started out 69—11, innenverteidiger talente fifa 17 missed out on amsterdam casino 25 second consecutive win season by losing their final two 11 spieltag bundesliga to finish 69— Boston Red Sox Of special importance were Tennessee and Arkansas, where Lincoln appointed Generals Andrew Johnson and Tonybet free bet Steele as military governors, respectively. In the s, Lincoln subscribed to the Doctrine of Necessitya belief that asserted the human mind was controlled by some higher power. Abraham Lincoln, the Lawyer-Statesman. Retrieved November 26, Discussions with his cabinet revealed Lincoln planned short-term military control over southern states, until readmission under the control of southern Unionists. Retrieved October 31, Slave and free states and Abraham Lincoln and slavery.

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He assumed that political control in the South would pass to white Unionists, reluctant secessionists, and forward-looking former Confederates. But time and again during the war, Lincoln, after initial opposition, had come to embrace positions first advanced by abolitionists and Radical Republicans.

Lincoln undoubtedly would have listened carefully to the outcry for further protection for the former slaves It is entirely plausible to imagine Lincoln and Congress agreeing on a Reconstruction policy that encompassed federal protection for basic civil rights plus limited black suffrage, along the lines Lincoln proposed just before his death.

The successful reunification of the states had consequences for the name of the country. The term "the United States" has historically been used, sometimes in the plural "these United States" , and other times in the singular, without any particular grammatical consistency.

The Civil War was a significant force in the eventual dominance of the singular usage by the end of the 19th century. As early as the s, a time when most political rhetoric focused on the sanctity of the Constitution, Lincoln redirected emphasis to the Declaration of Independence as the foundation of American political values—what he called the "sheet anchor" of republicanism.

As Diggins concludes regarding the highly influential Cooper Union speech of early , "Lincoln presented Americans a theory of history that offers a profound contribution to the theory and destiny of republicanism itself.

He denounced secession as anarchy, and explained that majority rule had to be balanced by constitutional restraints in the American system.

He said "A majority held in restraint by constitutional checks and limitations, and always changing easily with deliberate changes of popular opinions and sentiments, is the only true sovereign of a free people.

Lincoln adhered to the Whig theory of the presidency, which gave Congress primary responsibility for writing the laws while the Executive enforced them.

Lincoln vetoed only four bills passed by Congress; the only important one was the Wade-Davis Bill with its harsh program of Reconstruction. The Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act , also signed in , provided government grants for agricultural colleges in each state.

Other important legislation involved two measures to raise revenues for the Federal government: In , Lincoln signed the second and third Morrill Tariff , the first having become law under James Buchanan.

Also in , Lincoln signed the Revenue Act of , creating the first U. The creation of the system of national banks by the National Banking Act provided a strong financial network in the country.

It also established a national currency. Presented with execution warrants for convicted Santee Dakota who were accused of killing innocent farmers, Lincoln conducted his own personal review of each of these warrants, eventually approving 39 for execution one was later reprieved.

In response to rumors of one, however, the editors of the New York World and the Journal of Commerce published a false draft proclamation which created an opportunity for the editors and others employed at the publications to corner the gold market.

The seizure lasted for two days. Lincoln is largely responsible for the institution of the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States.

In , Lincoln declared the final Thursday in November of that year to be a day of Thanksgiving. Therefore we must take a man whose opinions are known.

Noah Haynes Swayne , nominated January 21, , and appointed January 24, , was chosen as an anti-slavery lawyer who was committed to the Union.

Samuel Freeman Miller , nominated and appointed on July 16, , supported Lincoln in the election and was an avowed abolitionist.

Stephen Johnson Field , a previous California Supreme Court justice, was nominated March 6, , and appointed March 10, , and provided geographic balance, as well as political balance to the court as a Democrat.

Chase, was nominated as Chief Justice, and appointed the same day, on December 6, Lincoln believed Chase was an able jurist, would support Reconstruction legislation, and that his appointment united the Republican Party.

Lincoln appointed 32 federal judges, including four Associate Justices and one Chief Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States , and 27 judges to the United States district courts.

Lincoln appointed no judges to the United States circuit courts during his time in office. West Virginia , admitted to the Union June 20, , contained the former north-westernmost counties of Virginia that seceded from Virginia after that commonwealth declared its secession from the Union.

Nevada , which became the third State in the far-west of the continent, was admitted as a free state on October 31, The assassination occurred five days after the surrender of Robert E.

Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Booth was a well-known actor and a Confederate spy from Maryland; though he never joined the Confederate army, he had contacts with the Confederate secret service.

Conrad previously authorized by the Confederacy [] to kidnap Lincoln in exchange for the release of Confederate prisoners. After attending an April 11, , speech in which Lincoln promoted voting rights for blacks, an incensed Booth changed his plans and became determined to assassinate the president.

At the last minute, Grant decided to go to New Jersey to visit his children instead of attending the play. The now unguarded President sat in his state box in the balcony.

Seizing the opportunity, Booth crept up from behind and at about Major Henry Rathbone momentarily grappled with Booth, but Booth stabbed him and escaped.

Doctor Charles Leale , an Army surgeon, found the President unresponsive, barely breathing and with no detectable pulse.

Having determined that the President had been shot in the head, and not stabbed in the shoulder as originally thought, he made an attempt to clear the blood clot, after which the President began to breathe more naturally.

After remaining in a coma for nine hours, Lincoln died at 7: According to eyewitnesses, his face was fixed in a smile when he expired.

President Johnson was sworn in at As a young man, Lincoln was a religious skeptic , [] or, in the words of a biographer, an iconoclast.

Lincoln never made a clear profession of Christian beliefs. However, he did believe in an all-powerful God that shaped events and, by , was expressing those beliefs in major speeches.

In the s, Lincoln subscribed to the Doctrine of Necessity , a belief that asserted the human mind was controlled by some higher power.

He wrote at this time that God "could have either saved or destroyed the Union without a human contest.

Yet the contest began. And having begun, He could give the final victory to either side any day. Yet the contest proceeds.

These are often based on photographs appearing to show weight loss and muscle wasting. One such claim is that he suffered from a rare genetic disorder, MEN2b , [] which manifests with a medullary thyroid carcinoma , mucosal neuromas and a Marfanoid appearance.

In surveys of U. Generally, the top three presidents are rated as 1. Lincoln was viewed by abolitionists as a champion for human liberty.

Many, though not all, in the South considered Lincoln as a man of outstanding ability. Guelzo states that Lincoln was a [] [].

Lincoln became a favorite exemplar for liberal intellectuals across Europe and Latin America and even in Asia. By the s Lincoln had become a hero to political conservatives [] for his intense nationalism, support for business, his insistence on stopping the spread of human bondage, his acting in terms of Lockean and Burkean principles on behalf of both liberty and tradition, and his devotion to the principles of the Founding Fathers.

Randall emphasizes his tolerance and especially his moderation "in his preference for orderly progress, his distrust of dangerous agitation, and his reluctance toward ill digested schemes of reform".

Bennett argued that Lincoln opposed social equality, and proposed sending freed slaves to another country. Defenders, such as authors Dirck and Cashin, retorted that he was not as bad as most politicians of his day; [] and that he was a "moral visionary" who deftly advanced the abolitionist cause, as fast as politically possible.

Lincoln has often been portrayed by Hollywood, almost always in a flattering light. His likeness also appears on many postage stamps and he has been memorialized in many town, city, and county names, [] including the capital of Nebraska.

Roosevelt, preparing America for war, used the words of the Civil War president to clarify the threat posed by Germany and Japan.

Americans asked, "What would Lincoln do? He suggested that postmodernism and multiculturalism have diluted greatness as a concept. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the American President. For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln disambiguation. Early life and career of Abraham Lincoln.

Lincoln family and Health of Abraham Lincoln. Mary Todd Lincoln , wife of Abraham Lincoln, age List of cases involving Abraham Lincoln. Slave and free states and Abraham Lincoln and slavery.

Lincoln—Douglas debates and Cooper Union speech. Electoral history of Abraham Lincoln and United States presidential election, Presidency of Abraham Lincoln.

United States presidential election, and Baltimore Plot. Abraham Lincoln and slavery and Emancipation Proclamation. List of federal judges appointed by Abraham Lincoln.

Abraham Lincoln and religion. Health of Abraham Lincoln. Cultural depictions of Abraham Lincoln. Encyclopedia of the Veteran in America.

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The Collapse of the Confederacy. University of Nebraska Press. The End of Slavery in America. Abraham Lincoln, the Lawyer-Statesman. Northwestern University Law Publication Association.

Settlers by the Long Grey Trail. Harrison, Lowell Hayes University Press of Kentucky. University Press of Kansas. Lincoln and the Politics of Christian Love.

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To Make Our World Anew: A History of African Americans to Lamb, Brian; Swain, Susan, eds. McKirdy, Charles Robert The Matson Slave Case.

Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Miller, William Lee Ordeal of the Union; 8 vol.

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Taranto, James; Leonard Leo Rating the Best and the Worst in the White House. The Ascendancy of the Radicals in the West".

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A Life 2 volumes. Lincoln and Black Freedom: A Study in Presidential Leadership. Selections from His Writings. Abraham Lincoln and the Great Secession Winter — Abraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief.

Miller, Richard Lawrence Lincoln and His World: The Rise to National Prominence, — The Abraham Lincoln Encyclopedia. Neely, Mark E The Last Best Hope of Earth: Abraham Lincoln and the Promise of America.

Lincoln in the World: Lincoln the President 4 volumes. Abraham Lincoln and the battles of the Civil War. New York, The Century Co.

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Desertions during were in the thousands and they increased after Fredericksburg. The mid-term elections in brought the Republicans severe losses due to sharp disfavor with the administration over its failure to deliver a speedy end to the war, as well as rising inflation, new high taxes, rumors of corruption, the suspension of habeas corpus , the military draft law , and fears that freed slaves would undermine the labor market.

The Emancipation Proclamation announced in September gained votes for the Republicans in the rural areas of New England and the upper Midwest, but it lost votes in the cities and the lower Midwest.

The Republicans did maintain their majorities in Congress and in the major states, except New York. The Cincinnati Gazette contended that the voters were "depressed by the interminable nature of this war, as so far conducted, and by the rapid exhaustion of the national resources without progress".

In the spring of , Lincoln was optimistic about upcoming military campaigns to the point of thinking the end of the war could be near if a string of victories could be put together; these plans included attacks by Hooker on Lee north of Richmond, Rosecrans on Chattanooga, Grant on Vicksburg, and a naval assault on Charleston.

Hooker was routed by Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May, [] but continued to command his troops for some weeks. At the same time, after initial setbacks, Grant laid siege to Vicksburg and the Union navy attained some success in Charleston harbor.

Even so, he often continued to give detailed directions to his generals as Commander-in-Chief. He argued before and during his election that the eventual extinction of slavery would result from preventing its expansion into new U.

At the beginning of the war, he also sought to persuade the states to accept compensated emancipation in return for their prohibition of slavery.

Lincoln believed that curtailing slavery in these ways would economically expunge it, as envisioned by the Founding Fathers , under the constitution.

On June 19, , endorsed by Lincoln, Congress passed an act banning slavery on all federal territory. In July, the Confiscation Act of was passed, which set up court procedures that could free the slaves of anyone convicted of aiding the rebellion.

He felt such action could only be taken by the Commander-in-Chief using war powers granted to the president by the Constitution, and Lincoln was planning to take that action.

In that month, Lincoln discussed a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation with his cabinet. In it, he stated that "as a fit and necessary military measure, on January 1, , all persons held as slaves in the Confederate states will thenceforward, and forever, be free".

Privately, Lincoln concluded at this point that the slave base of the Confederacy had to be eliminated.

However, Copperheads argued that emancipation was a stumbling block to peace and reunification. Republican editor Horace Greeley of the highly influential New York Tribune fell for the ploy, [] and Lincoln refuted it directly in a shrewd letter of August 22, Although he said he personally wished all men could be free, Lincoln stated that the primary goal of his actions as the U.

My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that.

What I do about slavery, and the colored race, I do because I believe it helps to save the Union; and what I forbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union The Emancipation Proclamation, issued on September 22, , and put into effect on January 1, , declared free the slaves in 10 states not then under Union control, with exemptions specified for areas already under Union control in two states.

Once the abolition of slavery in the rebel states became a military objective, as Union armies advanced south, more slaves were liberated until all three million of them in Confederate territory were freed.

He commented favorably on colonization in the Emancipation Proclamation, but all attempts at such a massive undertaking failed.

McClellan as commander of the Union Army. Enlisting former slaves in the military was official government policy after the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation.

By the spring of , Lincoln was ready to recruit black troops in more than token numbers. In a letter to Andrew Johnson , the military governor of Tennessee, encouraging him to lead the way in raising black troops, Lincoln wrote, "The bare sight of 50, armed and drilled black soldiers on the banks of the Mississippi would end the rebellion at once".

With the great Union victory at the Battle of Gettysburg in July , and the defeat of the Copperheads in the Ohio election in the fall, Lincoln maintained a strong base of party support and was in a strong position to redefine the war effort, despite the New York City draft riots.

The stage was set for his address at the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery on November 19, In words, and three minutes, Lincoln asserted the nation was born not in , but in , "conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal".

He defined the war as an effort dedicated to these principles of liberty and equality for all. The emancipation of slaves was now part of the national war effort.

He declared that the deaths of so many brave soldiers would not be in vain, that slavery would end as a result of the losses, and the future of democracy in the world would be assured, that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth".

Lincoln concluded that the Civil War had a profound objective: Nevertheless, Lincoln was concerned that Grant might be considering a candidacy for President in , as McClellan was.

Grant waged his bloody Overland Campaign in This is often characterized as a war of attrition , given high Union losses at battles such as the Battle of the Wilderness and Cold Harbor.

Even though they had the advantage of fighting on the defensive, the Confederate forces had "almost as high a percentage of casualties as the Union forces".

This allowed the president to confer in person with Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman about the hostilities, as Sherman coincidentally managed a hasty visit to Grant from his position in North Carolina.

Confederate general Jubal Early began a series of assaults in the North that threatened the Capital. Lincoln refused to allow any negotiation with the Confederacy as a coequal; his sole objective was an agreement to end the fighting and the meetings produced no results.

Days later, when that city fell, Lincoln visited the vanquished Confederate capital; as he walked through the city, white Southerners were stone-faced, but freedmen greeted him as a hero.

On April 9, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox and the war was effectively over. While the war was still being waged, Lincoln faced reelection in Lincoln was a master politician, bringing together—and holding together—all the main factions of the Republican Party, and bringing in War Democrats such as Edwin M.

Stanton and Andrew Johnson as well. Lincoln spent many hours a week talking to politicians from across the land and using his patronage powers—greatly expanded over peacetime—to hold the factions of his party together, build support for his own policies, and fend off efforts by Radicals to drop him from the ticket.

To broaden his coalition to include War Democrats as well as Republicans, Lincoln ran under the label of the new Union Party. Sharing this fear, Lincoln wrote and signed a pledge that, if he should lose the election, he would still defeat the Confederacy before turning over the White House: This morning, as for some days past, it seems exceedingly probable that this Administration will not be re-elected.

Then it will be my duty to so co-operate with the President elect, as to save the Union between the election and the inauguration; as he will have secured his election on such ground that he cannot possibly save it afterward.

While the Democratic platform followed the "Peace wing" of the party and called the war a "failure", their candidate, General George B.

McClellan, supported the war and repudiated the platform. Lincoln provided Grant with more troops and mobilized his party to renew its support of Grant in the war effort.

By contrast, the National Union Party was united and energized as Lincoln made emancipation the central issue, and state Republican parties stressed the perfidy of the Copperheads.

On March 4, , Lincoln delivered his second inaugural address. Historian Mark Noll concludes it ranks "among the small handful of semi-sacred texts by which Americans conceive their place in the world".

Fondly do we hope—fervently do we pray—that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Reconstruction began during the war, as Lincoln and his associates anticipated questions of how to reintegrate the conquered southern states, and how to determine the fates of Confederate leaders and freed slaves.

Thaddeus Stevens , Sen. Charles Sumner and Sen. Benjamin Wade , political allies of the president on other issues. Determined to find a course that would reunite the nation and not alienate the South, Lincoln urged that speedy elections under generous terms be held throughout the war.

His Amnesty Proclamation of December 8, , offered pardons to those who had not held a Confederate civil office, had not mistreated Union prisoners, and would sign an oath of allegiance.

As Southern states were subdued, critical decisions had to be made as to their leadership while their administrations were re-formed.

Of special importance were Tennessee and Arkansas, where Lincoln appointed Generals Andrew Johnson and Frederick Steele as military governors, respectively.

Banks to promote a plan that would restore statehood when 10 percent of the voters agreed to it. On the other hand, the Radicals denounced his policy as too lenient, and passed their own plan, the Wade-Davis Bill , in When Lincoln vetoed the bill, the Radicals retaliated by refusing to seat representatives elected from Louisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee.

Chase, who Lincoln believed would uphold the emancipation and paper money policies. After implementing the Emancipation Proclamation, which did not apply to every state, Lincoln increased pressure on Congress to outlaw slavery throughout the entire nation with a constitutional amendment.

Lincoln declared that such an amendment would "clinch the whole matter". This first attempt at an amendment failed to pass, falling short of the required two-thirds majority on June 15, , in the House of Representatives.

After a long debate in the House, a second attempt passed Congress on January 31, , and was sent to the state legislatures for ratification.

The law assigned land for a lease of three years with the ability to purchase title for the freedmen. Lincoln stated that his Louisiana plan did not apply to all states under Reconstruction.

Shortly before his assassination, Lincoln announced he had a new plan for southern Reconstruction. Discussions with his cabinet revealed Lincoln planned short-term military control over southern states, until readmission under the control of southern Unionists.

Historians agree that it is impossible to predict exactly what Lincoln would have done about Reconstruction if he had lived, but they make projections based on his known policy positions and political acumen.

Lincoln biographers James G. Randall and Richard Current , according to David Lincove, argue that: Eric Foner argues that: Unlike Sumner and other Radicals, Lincoln did not see Reconstruction as an opportunity for a sweeping political and social revolution beyond emancipation.

He had long made clear his opposition to the confiscation and redistribution of land. He believed, as most Republicans did in April , that the voting requirements should be determined by the states.

He assumed that political control in the South would pass to white Unionists, reluctant secessionists, and forward-looking former Confederates.

But time and again during the war, Lincoln, after initial opposition, had come to embrace positions first advanced by abolitionists and Radical Republicans.

Lincoln undoubtedly would have listened carefully to the outcry for further protection for the former slaves It is entirely plausible to imagine Lincoln and Congress agreeing on a Reconstruction policy that encompassed federal protection for basic civil rights plus limited black suffrage, along the lines Lincoln proposed just before his death.

The successful reunification of the states had consequences for the name of the country. The term "the United States" has historically been used, sometimes in the plural "these United States" , and other times in the singular, without any particular grammatical consistency.

The Civil War was a significant force in the eventual dominance of the singular usage by the end of the 19th century.

As early as the s, a time when most political rhetoric focused on the sanctity of the Constitution, Lincoln redirected emphasis to the Declaration of Independence as the foundation of American political values—what he called the "sheet anchor" of republicanism.

As Diggins concludes regarding the highly influential Cooper Union speech of early , "Lincoln presented Americans a theory of history that offers a profound contribution to the theory and destiny of republicanism itself.

He denounced secession as anarchy, and explained that majority rule had to be balanced by constitutional restraints in the American system. He said "A majority held in restraint by constitutional checks and limitations, and always changing easily with deliberate changes of popular opinions and sentiments, is the only true sovereign of a free people.

Lincoln adhered to the Whig theory of the presidency, which gave Congress primary responsibility for writing the laws while the Executive enforced them.

Lincoln vetoed only four bills passed by Congress; the only important one was the Wade-Davis Bill with its harsh program of Reconstruction.

The Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act , also signed in , provided government grants for agricultural colleges in each state.

Other important legislation involved two measures to raise revenues for the Federal government: In , Lincoln signed the second and third Morrill Tariff , the first having become law under James Buchanan.

Also in , Lincoln signed the Revenue Act of , creating the first U. The creation of the system of national banks by the National Banking Act provided a strong financial network in the country.

It also established a national currency. Presented with execution warrants for convicted Santee Dakota who were accused of killing innocent farmers, Lincoln conducted his own personal review of each of these warrants, eventually approving 39 for execution one was later reprieved.

In response to rumors of one, however, the editors of the New York World and the Journal of Commerce published a false draft proclamation which created an opportunity for the editors and others employed at the publications to corner the gold market.

The seizure lasted for two days. Lincoln is largely responsible for the institution of the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States. In , Lincoln declared the final Thursday in November of that year to be a day of Thanksgiving.

Therefore we must take a man whose opinions are known. Noah Haynes Swayne , nominated January 21, , and appointed January 24, , was chosen as an anti-slavery lawyer who was committed to the Union.

Samuel Freeman Miller , nominated and appointed on July 16, , supported Lincoln in the election and was an avowed abolitionist.

Stephen Johnson Field , a previous California Supreme Court justice, was nominated March 6, , and appointed March 10, , and provided geographic balance, as well as political balance to the court as a Democrat.

Chase, was nominated as Chief Justice, and appointed the same day, on December 6, Lincoln believed Chase was an able jurist, would support Reconstruction legislation, and that his appointment united the Republican Party.

Lincoln appointed 32 federal judges, including four Associate Justices and one Chief Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States , and 27 judges to the United States district courts.

Lincoln appointed no judges to the United States circuit courts during his time in office. West Virginia , admitted to the Union June 20, , contained the former north-westernmost counties of Virginia that seceded from Virginia after that commonwealth declared its secession from the Union.

Nevada , which became the third State in the far-west of the continent, was admitted as a free state on October 31, The assassination occurred five days after the surrender of Robert E.

Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Booth was a well-known actor and a Confederate spy from Maryland; though he never joined the Confederate army, he had contacts with the Confederate secret service.

Conrad previously authorized by the Confederacy [] to kidnap Lincoln in exchange for the release of Confederate prisoners. After attending an April 11, , speech in which Lincoln promoted voting rights for blacks, an incensed Booth changed his plans and became determined to assassinate the president.

At the last minute, Grant decided to go to New Jersey to visit his children instead of attending the play. The now unguarded President sat in his state box in the balcony.

Seizing the opportunity, Booth crept up from behind and at about Major Henry Rathbone momentarily grappled with Booth, but Booth stabbed him and escaped.

Doctor Charles Leale , an Army surgeon, found the President unresponsive, barely breathing and with no detectable pulse. Having determined that the President had been shot in the head, and not stabbed in the shoulder as originally thought, he made an attempt to clear the blood clot, after which the President began to breathe more naturally.

After remaining in a coma for nine hours, Lincoln died at 7: According to eyewitnesses, his face was fixed in a smile when he expired. President Johnson was sworn in at As a young man, Lincoln was a religious skeptic , [] or, in the words of a biographer, an iconoclast.

Lincoln never made a clear profession of Christian beliefs. However, he did believe in an all-powerful God that shaped events and, by , was expressing those beliefs in major speeches.

In the s, Lincoln subscribed to the Doctrine of Necessity , a belief that asserted the human mind was controlled by some higher power.

He wrote at this time that God "could have either saved or destroyed the Union without a human contest. Yet the contest began.

And having begun, He could give the final victory to either side any day. Yet the contest proceeds. These are often based on photographs appearing to show weight loss and muscle wasting.

One such claim is that he suffered from a rare genetic disorder, MEN2b , [] which manifests with a medullary thyroid carcinoma , mucosal neuromas and a Marfanoid appearance.

In surveys of U. Generally, the top three presidents are rated as 1. Lincoln was viewed by abolitionists as a champion for human liberty.

Many, though not all, in the South considered Lincoln as a man of outstanding ability. Guelzo states that Lincoln was a [] []. Lincoln became a favorite exemplar for liberal intellectuals across Europe and Latin America and even in Asia.

By the s Lincoln had become a hero to political conservatives [] for his intense nationalism, support for business, his insistence on stopping the spread of human bondage, his acting in terms of Lockean and Burkean principles on behalf of both liberty and tradition, and his devotion to the principles of the Founding Fathers.

Randall emphasizes his tolerance and especially his moderation "in his preference for orderly progress, his distrust of dangerous agitation, and his reluctance toward ill digested schemes of reform".

Bennett argued that Lincoln opposed social equality, and proposed sending freed slaves to another country.

Defenders, such as authors Dirck and Cashin, retorted that he was not as bad as most politicians of his day; [] and that he was a "moral visionary" who deftly advanced the abolitionist cause, as fast as politically possible.

Lincoln has often been portrayed by Hollywood, almost always in a flattering light. His likeness also appears on many postage stamps and he has been memorialized in many town, city, and county names, [] including the capital of Nebraska.

Roosevelt, preparing America for war, used the words of the Civil War president to clarify the threat posed by Germany and Japan. Americans asked, "What would Lincoln do?

He suggested that postmodernism and multiculturalism have diluted greatness as a concept. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the American President. For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln disambiguation. Early life and career of Abraham Lincoln.

Lincoln family and Health of Abraham Lincoln. Mary Todd Lincoln , wife of Abraham Lincoln, age List of cases involving Abraham Lincoln. Slave and free states and Abraham Lincoln and slavery.

Lincoln—Douglas debates and Cooper Union speech. Electoral history of Abraham Lincoln and United States presidential election, Presidency of Abraham Lincoln.

United States presidential election, and Baltimore Plot. Abraham Lincoln and slavery and Emancipation Proclamation. List of federal judges appointed by Abraham Lincoln.

Abraham Lincoln and religion. Health of Abraham Lincoln. Cultural depictions of Abraham Lincoln. Encyclopedia of the Veteran in America. Retrieved June 27, Toward a Usable Past: Liberty Under State Constitutions.

U of Georgia Press. Archived January 31, , at the Wayback Machine. International World History Project. Indiana Years, Seven to Twenty-One, — Letters, Interviews, and Statements about Abraham Lincoln.

University of Illinois Press. Archived from the original on January 13, Johns Hopkins University Press. There I Grew Up: Indiana Historical Society Press.

The Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln. The Hanks Family of Virginia and Westward: An Ethical Biography Vintage Books ed.

A New History of Indiana. Lincoln in American Memory. With Malice Toward None: The Life of Abraham Lincoln. Reexamining Rutledge Family Reminiscences".

Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association. The Abraham Lincoln Association. Archived from the original on April 3, Giant in the Shadows: The Life of Robert T.

The Atlantic Monthly Group. Archived from the original on October 20, Retrieved October 8, Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved February 12, The Rise of Abraham Lincoln.

Archived from the original on February 12, Retrieved March 12, Retrieved August 17, Improvement for Buoying Vessels Over Shoals".

Archived from the original on August 25, Retrieved April 28, The Wisdom of Abraham Lincoln. Letter to Jesse W. Archived from the original on November 7, Retrieved November 6, Coming for to Carry Me Home: Race in America from Abolitionism to Jim Crow.

Archived from the original on April 2, Retrieved April 1, A History of the American People. Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues — pp.

Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues — p. The Improvised War — pp. Lincoln and the Decision for War: The Northern Response to Secession. The University of North Carolina Press.

Provides details of support across the North. Harris, Lincoln and the Border States: Preserving the Union University Press of Kansas, pp.

The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties. Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved May 16, Thomas and Harold M.

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Nicolay and John Hay. Witnesses have provided other versions of the quote, i. Archived from the original on July 12, Retrieved November 20, Walt Whitman in Washington, D.

The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln. Random House Digital, Inc. Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved May 27, Northern evangelicals and the Union during the Civil War and Reconstruction p.

Archived from the original on April 13, Ludwig von Mises Institute. Rating The presidents, A Ranking of U. Lincoln the Liberal Statesman.

Dodd, Mead and Company. Apart from neo-Confederates such as Mel Bradford who denounced his treatment of the white South.

A Decade of Interpretations". Archived from the original on August 22, Retrieved January 26, Archived from the original on March 24, Retrieved March 2, Retrieved August 5, Lincoln Goes to Hollywood".

Archived from the original on March 16, Retrieved March 5, Archived from the original on October 23, Retrieved November 13, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum.

Archived from the original on October 25, Retrieved September 23, Bibliography of Abraham Lincoln. The American Historical Review.

Louisiana State University Press. Basler, Roy Prentice , ed. His Speeches and Writings. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln.

The Kent State University Press. Boritt, Gabor []. Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream. A Reference History 7th ed. Journalism in the Civil War Era.

Peter Lang Publishing Inc. The War Was You and Me: Civilians in The American Civil War. No Sorrow Like Our Sorrow. Kent State University Press.

Lincoln and the Sioux Uprising of Red, White, and Blue Letter Days: The Lost Soul of American Politics: Virtue, Self-Interest, and the Foundations of Liberalism.

University of Chicago Press. The President and the Politics of Race. Northern Illinois University Press. Donald, David Herbert Donald, David Herbert [].

Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. University of South Carolina Press.

Fish, Carl Russell October Foner, Eric []. Goodwin, Doris Kearns The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln, Booth, and the Great American Tragedy.

Lincoln Sesquicentennial Lectures at the University of Illinois. The Collapse of the Confederacy. University of Nebraska Press.

The End of Slavery in America. Abraham Lincoln, the Lawyer-Statesman. Northwestern University Law Publication Association.

Settlers by the Long Grey Trail. Harrison, Lowell Hayes University Press of Kentucky. University Press of Kansas. Lincoln and the Politics of Christian Love.

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Heidler, David Stephen Hofstadter, Richard October Lincoln at Cooper Union: A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War.

To Make Our World Anew: A History of African Americans to Lamb, Brian; Swain, Susan, eds. McKirdy, Charles Robert The Matson Slave Case.

Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. His taller friend, Harvest Leroy Smith , was the only sophomore to make the team.

Porter credits him with Jordan was recruited by numerous college basketball programs, including Duke , North Carolina , South Carolina , Syracuse , and Virginia.

One of the primary reasons why Jordan was not drafted sooner was because the first two teams were in need of a center. During his rookie season with the Bulls, Jordan averaged He quickly became a fan favorite even in opposing arenas, [28] [29] [30] Roy S.

Jordan recovered in time to participate in the playoffs and performed well upon his return. Against a —86 Boston Celtics team that is often considered one of the greatest in NBA history, [36] Jordan set the still-unbroken record for points in a playoff game with 63 in Game 2.

Jordan had completely recovered in time for the —87 season , [38] and he had one of the most prolific scoring seasons in NBA history.

He became the only player other than Wilt Chamberlain to score 3, points in a season, averaging a league high The Bulls reached 40 wins, [34] and advanced to the playoffs for the third consecutive year.

However, they were again swept by the Celtics. Jordan again led the league in scoring during the —88 season , averaging He was also named the Defensive Player of the Year , as he had averaged 1.

In the —89 season , Jordan again led the league in scoring, averaging The Cavaliers series included a career highlight for Jordan when he hit The Shot over Craig Ehlo at the buzzer in the fifth and final game of the series.

The Bulls entered the —90 season as a team on the rise, with their core group of Jordan and young improving players like Scottie Pippen and Horace Grant , and under the guidance of new coach Phil Jackson.

Jordan averaged a league leading However, despite pushing the series to seven games, the Bulls lost to the Pistons for the third consecutive season.

In the —91 season , Jordan won his second MVP award after averaging The Bulls defeated the New York Knicks and the Philadelphia 76ers in the opening two rounds of the playoffs.

They advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals where their rival, the Detroit Pistons , awaited them. However, this time the Bulls beat the Pistons in a four-game sweep.

The Bulls won the series four games to one, and compiled a 15—2 playoff record along the way. Jordan and the Bulls continued their dominance in the —92 season , establishing a 67—15 record, topping their franchise record from — The media, hoping to recreate a Magic—Bird rivalry , highlighted the similarities between "Air" Jordan and Clyde "The Glide" during the pre-Finals hype.

Jordan was named Finals MVP for the second year in a row [49] and finished the series averaging In the —93 season , despite a He averaged a Finals-record With his third Finals triumph, Jordan capped off a seven-year run where he attained seven scoring titles and three championships, but there were signs that Jordan was tiring of his massive celebrity and all of the non-basketball hassles in his life.

Yeah, it depends on how you look at it. On October 6, , Jordan announced his retirement, citing a loss of desire to play the game. Jordan later stated that the death of his father three months earlier also shaped his decision.

He later adopted it as his own signature, displaying it each time he drove to the basket. In his autobiography For the Love of the Game , Jordan wrote that he had been preparing for retirement as early as the summer of Jordan then further surprised the sports world by signing a Minor League Baseball contract with the Chicago White Sox on February 7, In the —94 season , the Bulls achieved a 55—27 record without Jordan in the lineup, [34] and lost to the New York Knicks in the second round of the playoffs.

The —95 Bulls were a shell of the championship team of just two years earlier. Struggling at mid-season to ensure a spot in the playoffs, Chicago was 31—31 at one point in mid-March.

In March , Jordan decided to quit baseball due to the ongoing Major League Baseball strike , as he wanted to avoid becoming a potential replacement player.

Although he had not played an NBA game in a year and a half, Jordan played well upon his return, making a game-winning jump shot against Atlanta in his fourth game back.

He then scored 55 points in the next game against the Knicks at Madison Square Garden on March 28, Jordan responded by scoring 38 points in the next game, which Chicago won.

Before the game, Jordan decided that he would immediately resume wearing his former number, Jordan was freshly motivated by the playoff defeat, and he trained aggressively for the —96 season.

In the —97 season , the Bulls started out 69—11, but missed out on a second consecutive win season by losing their final two games to finish 69— He won Game 1 for the Bulls with a buzzer-beating jump shot.

In Game 5, with the series tied at 2, Jordan played despite being feverish and dehydrated from a stomach virus. In what is known as the " Flu Game ", Jordan scored 38 points, including the game-deciding 3-pointer with 25 seconds remaining.

Jordan and the Bulls compiled a 62—20 record in the —98 season. Jordan executed a series of plays, considered to be one of the greatest clutch performances in NBA Finals history.

When play resumed, Jordan received the inbound pass, drove to the basket, and hit a shot over several Jazz defenders, cutting the Utah lead to 86— Malone jostled with Rodman and caught the pass, but Jordan cut behind him and took the ball out of his hands for a steal.

With 10 seconds remaining, Jordan started to dribble right, then crossed over to his left, possibly pushing off Russell, [95] [96] [97] although the officials did not call a foul.

Afterwards, John Stockton missed a game-winning three-pointer. Jordan and the Bulls won their sixth NBA championship and second three-peat.

Game 6 also holds the highest television rating of any game in NBA history. Opinions of Jordan as a basketball executive were mixed. Despite his January claim that he was " Inspired by the NHL comeback of his friend Mario Lemieux the previous winter, [] Jordan spent much of the spring and summer of in training, holding several invitation-only camps for NBA players in Chicago.

On September 25, , Jordan announced his return to the NBA to play for the Washington Wizards, indicating his intention to donate his salary as a player to a relief effort for the victims of the September 11 attacks.

His last seven appearances were in a reserve role, in which he averaged just over 20 minutes per game.

In his final game at the United Center in Chicago, which was his old home court, Jordan received a four-minute standing ovation.

In the end, he accepted the spot of Vince Carter , who decided to give it up under great public pressure. After scoring only 13 points in the game, Jordan went to the bench with 4 minutes and 13 seconds remaining in the third quarter and his team trailing the Philadelphia 76ers , 75— Just after the start of the fourth quarter, the First Union Center crowd began chanting "We want Mike!

After the second foul shot, the 76ers in-bounded the ball to rookie John Salmons , who in turn was intentionally fouled by Bobby Simmons one second later, stopping time so that Jordan could return to the bench.

Jordan received a three-minute standing ovation from his teammates, his opponents, the officials, and the crowd of 21, fans. Jordan played on two Olympic gold medal -winning American basketball teams.

He won a gold medal as a college player in the Summer Olympics. Jordan led the team in scoring, averaging Jordan was the only player to start all 8 games in the Olympics.

Playing limited minutes due to the frequent blowouts , Jordan averaged After his third retirement, Jordan assumed that he would be able to return to his front office position as Director of Basketball Operations with the Wizards.

Jordan kept busy over the next few years. He stayed in shape, played golf in celebrity charity tournaments, and spent time with his family in Chicago.

He also promoted his Jordan Brand clothing line and rode motorcycles. As part of the deal, Jordan took full control over the basketball side of the operation, with the title "Managing Member of Basketball Operations.

In February , it was reported that Jordan was seeking majority ownership of the Bobcats. During the —12 NBA season that was shortened to 66 games by the lockout, the Bobcats posted a 7—59 record.

Jordan was a shooting guard who was also capable of playing as a small forward the position he would primarily play during his second return to professional basketball with the Washington Wizards , and as a point guard.

With the Bulls, he decided 25 games with field goals or free throws in the last 30 seconds, including two NBA Finals games and five other playoff contests.

To help improve his defense, he spent extra hours studying film of opponents. On offense, he relied more upon instinct and improvisation at game time.

Jordan had a versatile offensive game. He was capable of aggressively driving to the basket, as well as drawing fouls from his opponents at a high rate; his 8, free throw attempts are the 11th-highest total in NBA history.

According to Hubie Brown , this move alone made him nearly unstoppable. In addition, he set both seasonal and career records for blocked shots by a guard, [] and combined this with his ball-thieving ability to become a standout defensive player.

By , the season of his Finals-winning shot against the Jazz, he was well known throughout the league as a clutch performer.

I think it was the exposure of Michael Jordan; the marketing of Michael Jordan. Everything was marketed towards the things that people wanted to see, which was scoring and dunking.

That Michael Jordan still played defense and an all-around game, but it was never really publicized. During his heyday, Jordan did much to increase the status of the game.

Television ratings increased only during his time in the league. His emotional reaction during his speech—when he began to cry—was captured by Associated Press photographer Stephan Savoia and would later go viral on social media as the Crying Jordan Internet meme.

Jordan and Vanoy filed for divorce on January 4, , citing irreconcilable differences, but reconciled shortly thereafter.

They again filed for divorce and were granted a final decree of dissolution of marriage on December 29, , commenting that the decision was made "mutually and amicably".

In , Jordan purchased a lot in Highland Park, Illinois , to build a 56, square-foot 5, m 2 mansion, which was completed four years later.

Jordan listed his Highland Park mansion for sale in After two seasons, Jeffrey left the Illinois basketball team in He later rejoined the team for a third season, [] [] then received a release to transfer to the University of Central Florida , where Marcus was attending.

He began attending UCF in the fall of , [] and played three seasons of basketball for the school. A DNA test showed Jordan was not the father of the child.

Jordan is one of the most marketed sports figures in history. Nike created a signature shoe for him, called the Air Jordan , in Subsequently, Nike spun off the Jordan line into its own division named the "Jordan Brand".

The company features an impressive list of athletes and celebrities as endorsers. Jordan also has been associated with the Looney Tunes cartoon characters.

Forbes designated Jordan as the athlete with the highest career earnings in Jordan co-owns an automotive group which bears his name. The company has a Nissan dealership in Durham, North Carolina , acquired in , [] and formerly had a Lincoln — Mercury dealership from until its closure in June From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other people named Michael Jordan, see Michael Jordan disambiguation. List of career achievements by Michael Jordan. Retrieved December 12, Catledge leads rally; Jordan scores 49 points", Chicago Tribune , p.

Retrieved December 6, Retrieved January 15, Retrieved February 11, Retrieved February 12, Retrieved November 23, Retrieved May 9, Retrieved June 28, Retrieved December 17, Retrieved January 16, Retrieved August 10, Portrait of a Champion".

The Ultimate Career Tribute. Retrieved February 8, The worst draft picks ever , ESPN. Retrieved October 20, Retrieved July 27, Is He the New Dr.

Retrieved March 7, Retrieved March 26, Retrieved June 9, Retrieved April 22, Retrieved January 17, Retrieved July 20, Retrieved May 24, Retrieved April 8, D01, June 7, Retrieved March 24, Retrieved February 6, Retrieved March 5, Retrieved March 9, Retrieved November 10, Retrieved September 1, Retrieved January 20, Retrieved November 14, Retrieved February 9, A Tribute , Sports Illustrated.

The Stats , infoplease. Retrieved March 15, Retrieved March 19, Retrieved September 3, Economic Value and Policy.

Retrieved December 16, Retrieved May 8, Chicago Bulls , BBC. Retrieved March 16, Retrieved June 5, Retrieved May 14, Retrieved November 17, Crying Foul , sportingnews.

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